Dead shroud rules
The body of a dead Muslim should be shrouded with three pieces of cloth: a loincloth, a shirt or tunic, and a full cover-
- As a precaution, the loincloth should be long enough to cover the body from the navel up to the knees, better still if it covers the body from the chest up to the feet. As a precaution, the shirt should be long enough to cover the entire body from the top of the shoulders up to the middle of the calf, and better still if it reaches the feet. As a precaution, the sheet cover should be long enough to conceal the whole body, so that both its ends could be tied. Its breadth should be enough to allow one side to overlap the other.
- The wajib portion of the loincloth is that which covers from navel up to the knees and wajib portion of a shirt is that which covers from the shoulders up to the middle of the calf of the legs. Whatever has been mentioned over and above this is the Mustahab part of the shroud.
- The Wajib quantity of shroud mentioned in the above rule should be financed from the estate of the deceased, and a reasonable quantity to cover the Mustahab may also be charged to the estate, if the status of the deceased demands. But as a recommended precaution, the Mustahab parts of shroud should not be charged to the shares of minor heirs.
- If a person makes a will that the Mustahab quantity of the shroud (as mentioned in the two foregoing rules) should be paid for from the 1/3 of his/her estate, or if he/she has made a will that 1/3 of the estate should be spent for himself or herself but has not specified the type of its expenditure, or has specified it for only a part of it, then the Mustahab quantity of shroud can be taken from 1/3 of the estate.
- If the dead has not made a will to take the shroud from one third of his property, heirs can pay the shroud and other things that are obligatory for burial as conventionally in a manner that the dead deserves from the original property.
- The shroud of a wife is the responsibility of her husband even if she owns her own wealth. Also if they divorce the woman with the revocable divorce with refer to the book of divorce and she dies before Cooling-Off Period(iddah) is finished, her husband should pay her shroud. And if the husband is not mature or is crazy, the husband must pay the shroud from her property.
- It is not obligatory for the relatives of deceased to provide his shroud even if they were his dependents during his lifetime.
- As a precaution, it must be ensured that each of the three pieces used for shroud is not so thin as to show the body of the deceased. However, if the body is fully concealed when all the three pieces are put together, then it will suffice.
- Shroud for a dead person must not be a usurped one, which is, unlawfully appropriated. If nothing else but the usurped shroud is available, then the body will be buried without shroud. In fact, the usurped shroud should be removed even if the body has already been buried, except in some special situations, which cannot be discussed here.
- It is not permissible to give a shroud which is najis, or which is made of pure silk, or which is woven with gold, except in the situation of helplessness, when no alternative is to be found.
- It is not permissible to give shroud made of hide or skin of a dead Najis animal, in normal circumstances. In fact, even the skin of a dead Pak (≠Najis) animal, or shroud made of wool or fur from the animal whose meat is haraam (taboo) to eat should not be used in normal circumstances. (By the term 'dead' is meant an animal that has not been slaughtered according to Shariah). But shroud made of wool, fur or skin of a slaughtered halal (lawful) animal can be used for the purpose. However, it is a recommended precaution to avoid them.
- If the shroud becomes Najis owing to its own najasat, or owing to some other najasat, and if the shroud is not lost totally, its najis part should be washed or cut off, even after the dead body has been placed in the grave. And if it is not possible to wash it, or to cut it off, but it is possible to change it, then it should be changed.
- If a person who is wearing Ihram for Hajj or Umra dies, he should be given shroud like all others and there is no harm in covering his head and face.
- It is recommended that human prepare his/her shroud, cedar leaves and camphor when he/she is healthy